Journal of Contemporary Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2019 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Age, Gender, and Mental Attitude on Complete Denture Satisfaction in North Indian Population

Shweta Choudhary, Himanshu Arora

Keywords : Denture satisfaction, Prosthodontic treatment, Oral health impact profile

Citation Information : Choudhary S, Arora H. Effect of Age, Gender, and Mental Attitude on Complete Denture Satisfaction in North Indian Population. J Contemp Dent 2019; 9 (1):8-12.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1245

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Purpose: Patient satisfaction is currently the decisive factor regarding the overall success of prosthodontic treatment in complete denture wearers. The aim of the study is to assess the effects of factors as age, gender, and mental attitude of a patient on the denture satisfaction. Materials and methods: A total of 200 patients who attended the outpatient department during a span of 2 years, for the fabrication of new complete dentures, were selected for the study. The dentures were fabricated by a single clinician, using a standardized technique for fabrication of conventional maxillary and mandibular complete denture. To rate the satisfaction after the therapy, Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-EDENT (for edentulous) covering seven subscales or domains was used. The outcomes from the survey were correlated with participant gender, age, and mental attitude. Results: A total of 200 participants were recruited for the study, of which 83 were males and 117 females. The males with low OHIP scores showed significantly higher satisfaction level with their dentures as compared to females. The level of satisfaction was significantly higher in the oldest age group when compared to their youngest counterparts. Based on the mental attitude, philosophical patients were the most satisfied with their dentures among the four categories. Conclusion: Within limitations, it could be said that factors like gender, age, and mental attitude of the patient do have an influence on overall satisfaction with complete denture eventually affecting the prognosis of the treatment rendered.

  1. Peltzer K, Hewlett S, et al. Prevalence of Loss of All Teeth (Edentulism) and Associated Factors in Older Adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014;11(11):11308–11324. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph111111308.
  2. Carlsson GE, Omar R, et al. The future of complete denture in oral rehabilitation. A critical review. J Oral Rehabil 2010;37:143–156.. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2009.02039.x.
  3. Doundoulakis JH, Eckert SE, et al. The implant supported overdenture as an alternative to the complete mandibular denture. J Am Dent Assoc 2003;134:1455–1458. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2003.0073.
  4. Celebić A, Knezović-Zlatarić D. A comparison of patient's satisfaction between complete and partial removable denture wearers. J Dent 2003;31:445–451. DOI: 10.1016/S0300-5712(03)00094-0.
  5. Brunello DL, Mandikos MN. Construction faults, age, gender, and relative medical health: factors associated with complaints in complete denture patients. J Prosthet Dent 1998;79:545–554. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(98)70176-3.
  6. Bellini D, Santos MB, et al. Patients expectations and satisfaction of complete denture therapy and correlation with locus of control. J Oral Rehabil 2009;36(9):682–686. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2009.01967.x.
  7. Weinstein M, Schuchman J, et al. Age and denture experience as determinants in patient denture satisfaction. J Prosthet Dent 1988;59(3):327–329. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(88)90184-9.
  8. Ozdemir AK, Ozdemir HD, et al. The effect of personality type on denture satisfaction. Int J Prosthodont 2006;19:364–370.
  9. Garrett NR, Kapur KK, et al. Effects of improvements of poorly fitting dentures and new dentures on patient satisfaction. J Prosthet Dent 1996;76(4):403–413. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(96)90546-6.
  10. Mendoza Marin DO, Perin Leite AR, et al. Effect of denture adhesive on the satisfaction and kinesiographic parameters of complete denture wearers: a cross over randomized clinical trial. Braz Dent J 2014;25(5):391–398. DOI: 10.1590/0103-6440201302409.
  11. Chen JH, Huang HL, et al. Dentist patient communication and denture quality associated with complete denture satisfaction among Taiwanese Elderly Wearers. Int J Prosthodont 2015;28(5):531–537. DOI: 10.11607/ijp.4223.
  12. Carlsson GE. Clinical morbidity and sequel of treatment with complete denture. J Prosthet Dent 1998;79:17–23. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(98)70188-X.
  13. Locker D. Health outcomes of oral disorders. Int J Epidemiol 1995;24(Suppl 1):S85–S89. DOI: 10.1093/ije/24.Supplement_1.S85.
  14. Stober T, Danner D, et al. Association between patient satisfaction with complete dentures and oral health –related quality of life: two year longitudinal assessment. Clinical Oral Investigations 2010-2016. Published online on Nov. 2, PMID:21046420.
  15. Slade GD, Spencer AJ. Development and evaluation of the Oral Health Impact profile. Community Dent Health 1994;25:284–290.
  16. Allen F, Locker D. A modified short version of the Oral Health Impact profile for assessing health related quality of life in edentulous adults. Int J Prosthodont 2002;15:446–450.
  17. Choudhary S, Kumar A, et al. Correlation of patient's mental attitude with age, sex, and educational level: A survey. Eur J Dent 2016;10(1):23–28. DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.175688.
  18. Celebic A, Zlatarić DK, et al. Factors Related to Patient Satisfaction With Complete Denture Therapy. J Geront 2003;58(10):948–953. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/58.10.M948.
  19. Daabiss M. American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status classification. Indian J Anaesth 2011;55(2):111–115. DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.79879.
  20. Nassif J. A self-administered questionnaire – An aid in managing complete denture patients. J Prosthet Dent 1978;40:363–366. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(78)90113-0.
  21. House MM. Full denture technique. In: Conley FJ, Dunn AL, Quesnell AJ, Rogers RM, ed. Classic Prosthodontic Articles: A Collector's Item. Chicago: American College of Prosthodontists, 1978; p. 224.
  22. Gamer S, Tuch R, et al. House mental classification revisited: intersection of particular patient types and particular dentist's needs. J Prosthet Dent 2003;89:297–302. DOI: 10.1067/mpr.2003.49.
  23. Souza RF, Patrocinio L, et al. Reliability and validation of a Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile for assessing edentulous subjects. J Oral Rehabil 2007;34:821–826. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2007.01749.x.
  24. Krunic N, Kostic M, et al. Oral health-related quality of life of edentulous patients after complete dentures relining. Vojnosanit Pregl 2015;72(4):307–311. DOI: 10.2298/VSP1504307K.
  25. Taylor RG, Doku HC. Dental Survey of healthy older persons. J Am Dent Assoc 1963;67:63–70. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1963.0216.
  26. Singh BP, Pradhan KN, et al. Effect of sociodemographic variables on complete denture satisfaction. J Adv Prosthodont 2012;4(1):43–51. DOI: 10.4047/jap.2012.4.1.43.
  27. Berg E. The influence of some amnestic, demographic and clinical variable on patient acceptance of new complete dentures. Acta Odontol Scand 1984;42(2):119–127. DOI: 10.1080/00016357.1984.11978554.
  28. Jonkman RE, van Waas MA, et al. An analysis of satisfaction with complete immediate (over) dentures. J Dent 1997;25(2):107–111. DOI: 10.1016/S0300-5712(96)00012-7.
  29. Weinstein M. Age and denture experience as determinants in patient denture satisfaction. J Prosthet Dent 1988;59(3):327–329. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(88)90184-9.
  30. Muller F, Wahl G, et al. Age related satisfaction with complete dentures, desires for improvement and attitudes to implant treatment. Gerodontology 1994;11:7–12. DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.1994.tb00096.x.
  31. Mantecchini G, Bassi F, et al. Oral stereognosis in edentulous subjects rehabilitated with complete removable dentures. J Oral Rehab 1998;25(3):185–189. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2842.1998.00221.x.
  32. Nairn RI, Brunello DL. The relationship of denture complaints and level of neuroticism. Dent Pract Dent Rec 1971;21(5):156–158.
  33. Fouda M, Attar MS, et al. Effect of patient's personality on satisfaction with their present complete denture and after increasing occlusal vertical dimension: a study of edentulous Egyptian patients. Int J Dent 2014.
  34. Ozdemir AK, Ozdemir D, et al. The effect of personality type on denture satisfaction. Int J Prosthodont 2006;19(4):364–370.
  35. Langer A, Michman J, et al. Factors influencing satisfaction with complete dentures in geriatric patients. J Prosthet Dent 1961;11:1019–1031. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(61)90038-5.
  36. Carlsson GE, Otterland A, et al. Patient factors in appreciation of complete dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1967;17:322–328. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(67)90002-9.
  37. Sheppard I M, Schwartz LR, et al. Survey of oral status of complete denture patients. J Prosthet Dent 1972;28:121–126. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(72)90128-X.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.