Journal of Contemporary Dentistry

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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Oral Lichen Planus–A Brief Review on Treatment Modalities

Niharika Swain, Shilpa Patel, Jigna Pathak, Ketki J Shirke, Tanvi Patel, Mitesh N Jain

Keywords : Lichen planus, Management, Update

Citation Information : Swain N, Patel S, Pathak J, Shirke KJ, Patel T, Jain MN. Oral Lichen Planus–A Brief Review on Treatment Modalities. J Contemp Dent 2018; 8 (3):137-143.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1238

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Abstract

Lichen planus is an autoimmune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, but studies have reported the role of cytotoxic T cells responsible for the disruption of basal keratinocytes and also causing the clinical symptoms. It is commonly seen in adults, with rare occurrence in children. It clinically manifests on the skin and oral mucosa, with skin lesions healing faster than the oral lesions. To obtain a diagnosis, a complete history and characteristic clinical features are usually sufficient for diagnosis, but there are certain other lesions like lichenoid reaction, contact sensitivity, white sponge nevus, pemphigoid and lupus erythematosus that show similar clinical characteristics, hence the need for histopathological evaluation using standard criteria given by Krutchkoff or World Health Organization (WHO). The treatment administered is always for eliminating symptoms and discomfort of the patients. A variety of pharmacological and natural alternatives have been used, along with frequent follow up visits in case of a tropic and erosive lichen planus. The purpose of this paper is to review the current trends in the management of oral lichen planus.


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