A Cross-sectional Study to Evaluate the Periodontal Health Status of Construction Workers with and without Tobacco Habits in New Delhi, India
Nilima Sharma, Sukhvinder S Oberoi
Community periodontal index for treatment needs, Periodontal disease, Smokeless tobacco, Smoking
Citation Information :
Sharma N, Oberoi SS. A Cross-sectional Study to Evaluate the Periodontal Health Status of Construction Workers with and without Tobacco Habits in New Delhi, India. J Contemp Dent 2018; 8 (3):120-124.
Background: Major constituent of the lower socioeconomic group is comprised of the construction working population. The neglected oral hygiene is evident by the ill oral and its systemic effects often observed in these strata of society. Thus the present study was planned and executed to evaluate the periodontal status in the low socioeconomic strata.
Materials and methods: A total of 154 subjects aged between 15 years and 60 years were examined. The community periodontal index for treatment needs (CPITN) using the CPITN probe and a mouth mirror was used to record the periodontal status. The post-hoc analysis for inter-group comparison of the CPI and loss of attachment (LOA) scores among different age groups was done using the Tukey post-hoc test.
Results: Different age group showed a significant difference in CPI and LOA scores. The mean LOA score 0 was found to be significantly (p value <0.05) more among Never smokers whereas the mean LOA score 1 was found to be significantly (p value <0.05) more among present smokers.
Conclusion: Non-users, smoked tobacco users, smokeless tobacco users, and both smoked and smokeless tobacco users showed a significant difference (p value <0.05) in the mean CPI score and LOA scores (p value <0.05).
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