Journal of Contemporary Dentistry

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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Comparative Evaluation of the Radiopacity of Bone Graft Materials used in Dentistry

Emine S Kursun-Çakmak, Nihat Akbulut, Dogan D Öztas

Citation Information : Kursun-Çakmak ES, Akbulut N, Öztas DD. Comparative Evaluation of the Radiopacity of Bone Graft Materials used in Dentistry. J Contemp Dent 2017; 7 (3):150-155.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1204

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-08-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



Ample radiopacity in order to distinguish from the surrounding tissues is a desirable property of dental graft materials. A total of 15 bone graft materials’ (BGMs) opacities were analyzed in this study.

Materials and methods

Graft materials were placed in the implant cavity (5 × 10 mm) in cadaver's mandible respectively. Cavity was exposed by using periapical film and a dental X-ray machine at 70 kVp and 8 mA. The optical density of the radiographic images was measured with a transmission densitometer. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted for statistical analysis.


Among the materials tested, the most radiolucent bone grafts were Grafton and Allogenix with a statistical significance of p ≥ 0.05. 4Bone and Bego Oss exhibited the highest radiopacity with a statistical significance of p ≥ 0.05. Inadequate radiopacity of the dental graft materials may lead to confusion among clinicians in the radiographical follow-up. Among 15 BGMs tested, only three had higher density than bone tissue.


The radiopacity of the BGM was found to be higher than bone at only three of them.

How to cite this article

Kursun-Çakmak ES, Akbulut N, Öztas DD. Comparative Evaluation of the Radiopacity of Bone Graft Materials used in Dentistry. J Contemp Dent 2017;7(3):150-155.

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