Relevance of the problem and aim and objective: Massive bone and soft tissue defects are seen after oncological maxillofacial operations. Surgeons and prosthodontists must cooperate and make a basic treatment plan. It is essential to improve the quality of life of the patient after completely removing the tumor, restoring masticatory function, and improving esthetic appearance. The study aims to collect and analyze the data of patients with orofacial malignant tumors during the period from 2010 to 2016 in the Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (HLUHS) Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, National Cancer Institute (NCI) Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Klaipeda University Hospital and find out the availability and their need for rehabilitation and prosthetic treatment.
Materials and methods: Patient disease data analysis was performed using the International classification of diseases (ICD) according to malignant tumors localization of the maxillofacial region. The medical records were arranged by age, sex, origin, profession, tumor localization, stage, type, treatment, and prosthetic needs for the patient. Data analysis was carried out using IBM SPSS 25 and Microsoft Excel 2016 software packages.
Results: The study involved 827 men and 699 women, the mean age was 68 years. Defects of the lower jaw were detected in 87 patients, of the ear—52 cases in the whole sample. 11.34% of patients required prosthetics to restore the defects after resection.
Conclusion: Among 1,526 analyzed cases, prosthetic treatment of the facial defects is required in 11.34% of patients.
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