Journal of Contemporary Dentistry

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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( June-September, 2011 ) > List of Articles


Use of Antibiotics in the Management of Pediatric Dental Conditions – A Retrospective Study

Ashwin Jawdekar, Srirang Sevekar

Citation Information : Jawdekar A, Sevekar S. Use of Antibiotics in the Management of Pediatric Dental Conditions – A Retrospective Study. J Contemp Dent 2011; 1 (1):11-14.

DOI: 10.5005/jcd-1-1-11

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2003

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; The Author(s).



In order to evaluate the need of antibiotic use in children for a variety of dental procedures, a retrospective study was undertaken.

Material and Methods

Children as dental patients, a study The records of 100 children between age 2-10 years visiting a pediatric dental clinic for various pulpal and periapical conditions were evaluated. A total of 364 procedures (pulp therapies such as pulpotomy and pulpectomy, and extractions) were carried out in the children for different pulpal and periapical pathologies (irreversible pulpitis, pulp necrosis and periradicular abscess). Timing of the antibiotic cover (preop, intraop and post op), duration of the antibiotic, and type of the antibiotic or a combination was recorded.


Only 19.5% procedures required antibiotic prescriptions. On most occasions, an antibiotic cover given prior to commencement of the treatment was sufficient to prevent the possible advancement of the infection and promote the post-operative healing.


Antibiotics are often not a necessity for the treatment of dental conditions in children. However, a larger sample size and multicentric study would be necessary to establish this finding.

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