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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  Guest Editorial
Sleep Medicine Training for the Dentist?
Davis Thomas
[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:56] [Pages No:iv] [No of Hits : 2095]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Sleep Medicine Training for the Dentist?

The last 50 years have seen explosive advances in science and medicine, particularly in general and dentistry. Quite a few paradigms in both, these sciences have changed and continue to change. Case in point: When I was an undergraduate student in dentistry in the early 1990s and even further down the road, clinical findings, such as linea alba bucca, scalloped tongue, generalized attrition, visibility of posterior pharyngeal space, “abfractions,” etc. were merely documented by studious students and slipped into oblivion for the rest of the time.

 
2.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Assessment of Knowledge, Perception, Attitude, and Practices of Expectant and Lactating Mothers regarding their own as well as their Infants’ Oral Health in Qassim Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Nabila Ahmed Sedky
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:24-37] [No of Hits : 855]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1138 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Assessing knowledge, perception, attitude, and practices of pregnant/lactating mothers concerning their own and their infants’ oral health in relation to their oral health status and educational level.

Materials and methods: Anonymous self-administered questionnaire, 317 completed it, response rate = 90.57%. It constituted sections for demography, evaluating oral health knowledge during pregnancy/postpartum, saliva-sharing behavior of mother with baby, infant-feeding practices, and perception of oral health knowledge and attitudes. Oral health condition was measured using decayed, missing, and filling, papillary, marginal, and attached gingiva, and simplified oral hygiene indices. Four scores were constructed from participants’ responses to interpret results.

Results: Fair oral hygiene, moderate gingivitis, and caries index was the oral health status, with negative correlation with educational level. About 66.88% had poor perception and practices toward their oral health during pregnancy, with significant difference and negative correlation with oral health status. Significant difference (P<0.001) & positive correlation was detected regarding knowledge about causes of oral/ dental problems and oral health attitude in relation to level of education with 58.68% poor knowledge and negative attitude. Above three quarters had poor knowledge and practices and negative attitude for their infants’ oral health, with significant result and positive correlation with educational level. Poor perception (54.26%) was recorded regarding causes of oral/ dental diseases, methods of tooth cleaning, and types and benefits of using toothpaste in relation to oral health status with a significant difference and negative correlation.

Conclusion: Data revealed that expectant and lactating mothers had poor knowledge, perception and practices, and negative attitude toward their oral health during pregnancy and postpartum as well as their children’s oral health.

Keywords: Attitude, DMFT index, Expectant and lactating mothers, Knowledge, Perception, Practices, OHI-S index, Oral health, PMA index.

How to cite this article: Sedky NA. Assessment of Knowledge, Perception, Attitude, and Practices of Expectant and Lactating Mothers regarding their own as well as their Infants’ Oral Health in Qassim Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):24-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  CASE REPORT
Free Gingival Autograft and Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft for the Treatment of Gingival Recession: A Brief Review and Report of Three Cases
Jaishree A Rijhwani, Vineet V Kini, Richard Pereira, Seema Yadav
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:6 ] [Number:3] [Pages:75] [Pages No:225-232] [No of Hits : 818]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1176 | FREE

ABSTRACT
Gingival recession is the migration of the free gingival margin apical to the cementoenamel junction. There are various factors contributing toward gingival recession apart from periodontal disease that include faulty tooth brushing, tooth position or malaligned teeth, high muscle or frenal attachment, alveolar bone dehiscence, orthodontic forces, and iatrogenic factors leading to problems of esthetics, hypersensitivity, and root caries.
Several periodontal plastic surgical techniques have been introduced in the previous literature aiming to correct marginal tissue recessions, the predictability of which depends upon careful evaluation of the defect type, presence of attached gingiva, keratinized tissue width, and presence of single or multiple gingival recessions. The use of free gingival graft (FGG) and subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) in root coverage is indicated for the treatment of single or multiple gingival recessions. Although both FGGs and SCTGs provide significant reduction in recession depth and clinical attachment gain for Miller’s Class I and II gingival recession defects, SCTG seems to offer root coverage with a better color match between donor and recipient site tissue rendering better esthetics. Considering the advantages and disadvantages of FGG and SCTG in root coverage procedures, the following case reports describe the clinical results using FGG by Miller’s technique, and using SCTGs by technique of Langer and Langer, and Zabalegui tunnel technique for the treatment of gingival recession.
Keywords: Free gingival autograft, Gingival recession, Root coverage, Subepithelial connective tissue graft.
How to cite this article: Rijhwani JA, Kini VV, Pereira R, Yadav S. Free Gingival Autograft and Subepithelial Connective Tissue Graft for the Treatment of Gingival Recession: A Brief Review and Report of Three Cases. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(3):225-232.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
Management of a Traumatized Open Apex Tooth with a Combination of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Apical Plug and Platelet-rich Fibrin Apical Matrix
Ritesh Balasaheb Pawar, Sumanthini V Margsahayam, Vanitha U Shenoy, Saimanaaz Abdul Hakeem Shaikh
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:57-62] [No of Hits : 800]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1142 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The absence of a natural apical constriction in permanent tooth makes endodontic treatment a challenge. Traditionally, calcium hydroxide was used for inducing the formation of an apical barrier. Currently, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has shown promising results for apexification procedures. In an open apex, it is imperative to limit the MTA placement within the confines of the root canal for predictable healing. The placement of an internal matrix may limit the extrusion to some extent. Many materials can be used as internal matrix such as collagen membrane, calcium sulphate, hydroxyapatite, freeze dried bone, and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) among others. This case report presents a successful demonstration of the management of an open apex using MTA placed over an internal apical matrix of PRF.

Keywords: Apexification, Mineral trioxide aggregate, Open apex, Platelet-rich fibrin.

How to cite this article: Pawar RB, Margsahayam SV, Shenoy VU, Shaikh SAH. Management of a Traumatized Open Apex Tooth with a Combination of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Apical Plug and Platelet-rich Fibrin Apical Matrix. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):57-62.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Clinical Experience with Osteosynthesis of Subcondylar Fractures of the Mandible using Delta Plate
Shailesh Nareshkumar Kokal, Suraj Arjun Ahuja, Nareshkumar T Kokal, Haemant A Baonerkar
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:63-66] [No of Hits : 744]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1143 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Mandibular condyle fractures are one of the most frequent injuries of the facial skeleton. The option for open treatment of mandibular condyle fractures has become more favorable since osteosynthesis materials were developed in the past few decades. However, the rigid fixation techniques of treating condyle fractures remain one of the controversial issues in maxillofacial trauma. Several techniques and plate types such as adaption miniplates, minidynamic compression plates, resorbable plates, and double plates have been evaluated biomechanically in various experimental and clinical studies. The present case report is to evaluate the clinical use of indigenously developed titanium delta-shaped miniplate in open reduction and internal fixation of subcondylar fracture.

Keywords: Delta plate, Osteosynthesis of condyle, Subcondylar fracture.

How to cite this article: Kokal SN, Ahuja SA, Kokal NT, Baonerkar HA. Clinical Experience with Osteosynthesis of Subcondylar Fractures of the Mandible using Delta Plate. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):63-66.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Alveolar Bone Dimensions of Mandibular Posterior Teeth using Cone Beam Computed Tomography: A Pilot Study
Varun Rajeev Kunte, Ajay Ramesh Bhoosreddy, Seema Ajay Bhoosreddy, Atul Ashok Pandharbale, Manila Rajaram Shinde, Bhushan Sukhdeo Ahire
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:9-14] [No of Hits : 720]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1135 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze bone dimensions of the dentate posterior mandible using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Objectives: The objectives of this study were

  • To measure thickness of buccal and lingual bone walls in mandibular posterior teeth using CBCT.
  • To measure alveolar bone width in mandibular posterior teeth using CBCT.

Materials and methods: Ten CBCT scans were included in the study (n = 65 teeth). Thicknesses of buccal and lingual walls were measured at MP1 and MP2. Alveolar width was assessed at most coronal detected alveolar bone (BW1) and at superior border of mandibular canal (BW2). Vertical distance between BW1 and BW2 was measured (H). Data were tabulated and results were statistically analyzed using unpaired t test.

Results: The study showed that there was an increase in bone wall thickness from 1st premolar to 2nd molar for buccal and lingual alveolar plates. Lingual bone walls were thicker than buccal bone walls at MP1 and MP2 for all teeth. Bone width for premolars was considerably less than bone width of molars.

Conclusion: Careful preoperative analysis using CBCT is important to assess need of bone augmentation procedures. As the bone thickness and width in the molar region is more adequate, prognosis of implants placed in molar region may be better.

Clinical significance: Analysis of bone dimensions is of utmost importance for successful outcome of bone augmentation procedures in implant treatment.

Keywords: Alveolar bone dimensions, CBCT, Implants Mandibular posterior teeth.

How to cite this article: Kunte VR, Bhoosreddy AR, Bhoosreddy SA, Pandharbale AA, Shinde MR, Ahire BS. Alveolar Bone Dimensions of Mandibular Posterior Teeth using Cone Beam Computed Tomography: A Pilot Study. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):9-14.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
A Comparative Study of Reliability and Accuracy of Manual and Digital Lateral Cephalometric Tracing
Alok Rajendra Shah, Girish Karandikar, VK Ravindranath, Manish Sonawane, Amol Mhatre
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:15-18] [No of Hits : 687]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1136 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and accuracy of several types of lateral cephalometric attributes commonly used: angular measurements, linear measurements, and ratio when using digital cephalometric software (Nemoceph) with manual tracing method.

Materials and methods: Sample size consisted of 26 lateral cephalometric radiographs. All cephalograms were subjected to both manual and digital cephalometric analysis by the same examiner. Digital analyses were performed on Nemotec digital imaging software. Cephalograms were assessed for a total of 17 cephalometric attributes. The results were assessed using Student’s t-test.

Results: Six out of 17 measurements, that is, sella, nasion, B point, ANB, incisor mandibular plane angle, mandibular plane angle, L1-NB, and Jarabak ratio, showed statistically significant difference between the manual and digital methods.

Conclusion: Digital measurements obtained with Nemotec digital imaging software were found to be comparable to the manual method for most of the variables used in clinical practice.

Keywords: Cephalometric measurements, Cephalometric tracing, Digital imaging.

How to cite this article: Shah AR, Karandikar G, Ravindranath VK, Sonawane M, Mhatre A. A Comparative Study of Reliability and Accuracy of Manual and Digital Lateral Cephalometric Tracing. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):15-18.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  CASE REPORT
Rehabilitation of a Patient with Immediate Complete Denture
Jyoti B Nadgere, Suyog Kisanrao Masram, Sabita M Ram, Naisargi P Shah
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:90-95] [No of Hits : 653]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1149 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Patient’s desire to have a replacement with complete dentures before losing all their natural teeth, this is important for the psychology of the patient. Patients with gross mobility of the teeth needing replacement with complete denture without going through a period of edentulousness has become mandatory for a prosthodontist to treat. An immediate denture is a treatment of choice for such patients. A case report is being presented for a patient with flared, prominent, mobile anterior teeth treated with a successful immediate denture.

Keywords: Immediate complete denture, Interim prosthesis.

How to cite this article: Nadgere JB, Masram SK, Ram SM, Shah NP. Rehabilitation of a Patient with Immediate Complete Denture. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):90-95.

Source of support: Nil Conflicts of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Masking Conventional Metallic Cast Post for Enhancing Esthetics
Naisargi P Shah, Amit Mahadeo Gaikwad, Sabita M Ram, Jyoti B Nadgere
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:85-89] [No of Hits : 642]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1148 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Loss of tooth structure occurs due to caries, endodontic treatment, or fracture caused by trauma; restoring these teeth is difficult task for a clinician. Post and core is an option for teeth when excessive tooth structure is lost and teeth need to be restored with crown and bridge procedure. They can be prefabricated post with composite built up or a one-piece custom-made post. The custom-made cast metal post and core have disadvantage due to their color that imparts grayish hue to overlying ceramic restorations. Masking the metal core can enhance the esthetic of all ceramic restorations that are placed over the cast post and core. A case report is being presented where the metallic core was masked with ceramic built up on labial surface of metal core.

Keywords: All ceramic restorations, Lithium disilicate, Metal cast post, Post and core.

How to cite this article: Shah NP, Gaikwad AM, Ram SM, Nadgere JB. Masking Conventional Metallic Cast Post for Enhancing Esthetics. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1):85-89.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Correction of Skeletal Sagittal Dysplasia using Twin Block Traction Technique
Prateek Navratan Daga, Girish R Karandikar, VK Ravindranath, Sachin Doshi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:100] [Pages No:75-79] [No of Hits : 587]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10031-1146 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The primary concern of the patient as well as their parent seeking orthodontic treatment is the sagittal relationship of the dentition and jaws. Twin block is the most common functional appliance used successfully in correction of growing patient with skeletal class II malocclusion. However, the method of using extraoral traction in combination with twin block appliance (twin block traction technique) is to reinforce the functional component for correction of a class II sagittal relationship. A 12-year-old male patient reported to the Department of Orthodontics with a chief complaint of forwardly placed upper front teeth. With the help of clinical examination, cephalometrics, and diagnostic records, the diagnosis of the patient was confirmed as skeletal class II maxillomandibular relationship with prognathic maxilla and retrognathic mandible with a vertical growth pattern. The patient was treated with twin block appliance along with headgear. The appliance design and postfunctional results are demonstrated in the following case report. Although twin block with high-pull headgear is known to produce favorable results in mixed dentition, the same was observed in permanent dentition during growth phase. Combination of twin block appliance with high pull headgear gave the desired results.

Keywords: Extraoral traction, High-pull headgear, Skeletal class II, Twin block,

How to cite this article: Daga PN, Karandikar GR, Ravindranath VK, Doshi S. Correction of Skeletal Sagittal Dysplasia using Twin Block Traction Technique. J Contemp Dent 2016;6(1): 75-79.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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